Source code for pydal.objects

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import base64
import cgi
import copy
import csv
import datetime
import decimal
import os
import shutil
import sys
import types
import re
from collections import OrderedDict
from ._compat import (
    PY2, StringIO, BytesIO, pjoin, exists, hashlib_md5, basestring, iteritems,
    xrange, implements_iterator, implements_bool, copyreg, reduce, to_bytes,
    to_native, long, text_type
from ._globals import DEFAULT, IDENTITY, AND, OR
from ._gae import Key
from .exceptions import NotFoundException, NotAuthorizedException
from .helpers.regex import (
from .helpers.classes import (
    Reference, MethodAdder, SQLCallableList, SQLALL, Serializable,
    BasicStorage, SQLCustomType, OpRow, cachedprop
from .helpers.methods import (
    list_represent, bar_decode_integer, bar_decode_string, bar_encode,
    archive_record, cleanup, use_common_filters, pluralize,
    attempt_upload_on_insert, attempt_upload_on_update, delete_uploaded_files
from .helpers.serializers import serializers
from .utils import deprecated

DEFAULTLENGTH = {'string': 512, 'password': 512, 'upload': 512, 'text': 2**15, 'blob': 2**31}

    'id':      '[1-9]\d*',
    'decimal': '\d{1,10}\.\d{2}',
    'integer': '[+-]?\d*',
    'float':   '[+-]?\d*(\.\d*)?',
    'double':  '[+-]?\d*(\.\d*)?',
    'date':    '\d{4}\-\d{2}\-\d{2}',
    'time':    '\d{2}\:\d{2}(\:\d{2}(\.\d*)?)?',
    'datetime':'\d{4}\-\d{2}\-\d{2} \d{2}\:\d{2}(\:\d{2}(\.\d*)?)?',

[docs]class Row(BasicStorage): """ A dictionary that lets you do d['a'] as well as d.a this is only used to store a `Row` """ def __getitem__(self, k): key = str(k) _extra = super(Row, self).get('_extra', None) if _extra is not None: v = _extra.get(key, DEFAULT) if v != DEFAULT: return v try: return BasicStorage.__getattribute__(self, key) except AttributeError: pass m = REGEX_TABLE_DOT_FIELD.match(key) if m: try: e = super(Row, self).__getitem__( return e[] except (KeyError, TypeError): pass key = try: return super(Row, self).__getitem__(key) except KeyError: pass try: e = super(Row, self).get('__get_lazy_reference__') if e is not None and callable(e): self[key] = e(key) return self[key] except Exception as e: raise e raise KeyError(key) __str__ = __repr__ = lambda self: '<Row %s>' % \ self.as_dict(custom_types=[LazySet]) __int__ = lambda self: self.get('id') __long__ = lambda self: long(self.get('id')) __call__ = __getitem__ def __getattr__(self, k): try: return self.__getitem__(k) except KeyError: raise AttributeError def __copy__(self): return Row(self) def __eq__(self, other): try: return self.as_dict() == other.as_dict() except AttributeError: return False
[docs] def get(self, key, default=None): try: return self.__getitem__(key) except(KeyError, AttributeError, TypeError): return default
[docs] def as_dict(self, datetime_to_str=False, custom_types=None): SERIALIZABLE_TYPES = [str, int, float, bool, list, dict] DT_INST = (, datetime.datetime, datetime.time) if PY2: SERIALIZABLE_TYPES += [unicode, long] if isinstance(custom_types, (list, tuple, set)): SERIALIZABLE_TYPES += custom_types elif custom_types: SERIALIZABLE_TYPES.append(custom_types) d = dict(self) for k in list(d.keys()): v = d[k] if d[k] is None: continue elif isinstance(v, Row): d[k] = v.as_dict() elif isinstance(v, Reference): d[k] = long(v) elif isinstance(v, decimal.Decimal): d[k] = float(v) elif isinstance(v, DT_INST): if datetime_to_str: d[k] = v.isoformat().replace('T', ' ')[:19] elif not isinstance(v, tuple(SERIALIZABLE_TYPES)): del d[k] return d
[docs] def as_xml(self, row_name="row", colnames=None, indent=' '): def f(row, field, indent=' '): if isinstance(row, Row): spc = indent+' \n' items = [f(row[x], x, indent+' ') for x in row] return '%s<%s>\n%s\n%s</%s>' % ( indent, field, spc.join(item for item in items if item), indent, field) elif not callable(row): if REGEX_ALPHANUMERIC.match(field): return '%s<%s>%s</%s>' % (indent, field, row, field) else: return '%s<extra name="%s">%s</extra>' % \ (indent, field, row) else: return None return f(self, row_name, indent=indent)
[docs] def as_json(self, mode="object", default=None, colnames=None, serialize=True, **kwargs): """ serializes the row to a JSON object kwargs are passed to .as_dict method only "object" mode supported `serialize = False` used by Rows.as_json TODO: return array mode with query column order mode and colnames are not implemented """ item = self.as_dict(**kwargs) if serialize: return serializers.json(item) else: return item
[docs]def pickle_row(s): return Row, (dict(s), )
copyreg.pickle(Row, pickle_row)
[docs]class Table(Serializable, BasicStorage): """ Represents a database table Example:: You can create a table as:: db = DAL(...) db.define_table('users', Field('name')) And then:: db.users.insert(name='me') # print db.users._insert(...) to see SQL db.users.drop() """ def __init__(self, db, tablename, *fields, **args): """ Initializes the table and performs checking on the provided fields. Each table will have automatically an 'id'. If a field is of type Table, the fields (excluding 'id') from that table will be used instead. Raises: SyntaxError: when a supplied field is of incorrect type. """ # import DAL here to avoid circular imports from .base import DAL super(Table, self).__init__() self._actual = False # set to True by define_table() self._db = db self._migrate = None self._tablename = self._dalname = tablename if not isinstance(tablename, str) or hasattr(DAL, tablename) or not \ REGEX_VALID_TB_FLD.match(tablename) or \ REGEX_PYTHON_KEYWORDS.match(tablename): raise SyntaxError('Field: invalid table name: %s, ' 'use rname for "funny" names' % tablename) self._rname = args.get('rname') or \ db and db._adapter.dialect.quote(tablename) self._raw_rname = args.get('rname') or db and tablename self._sequence_name = args.get('sequence_name') or \ db and db._adapter.dialect.sequence_name(self._raw_rname) self._trigger_name = args.get('trigger_name') or \ db and db._adapter.dialect.trigger_name(tablename) self._common_filter = args.get('common_filter') self._format = args.get('format') self._singular = args.get( 'singular', tablename.replace('_', ' ').capitalize()) self._plural = args.get( 'plural', pluralize(self._singular.lower()).capitalize()) # horrible but for backard compatibility of appamdin: if 'primarykey' in args and args['primarykey'] is not None: self._primarykey = args.get('primarykey') self._before_insert = [attempt_upload_on_insert(self)] self._before_update = [ delete_uploaded_files, attempt_upload_on_update(self)] self._before_delete = [delete_uploaded_files] self._after_insert = [] self._after_update = [] self._after_delete = [] self._virtual_fields = [] self._virtual_methods = [] self.add_method = MethodAdder(self) fieldnames, newfields = set(), [] _primarykey = getattr(self, '_primarykey', None) if _primarykey is not None: if not isinstance(_primarykey, list): raise SyntaxError( "primarykey must be a list of fields from table '%s'" % tablename) if len(_primarykey) == 1: self._id = [ f for f in fields if isinstance(f, Field) and == _primarykey[0]][0] elif not [f for f in fields if (isinstance(f, Field) and f.type == 'id') or (isinstance(f, dict) and f.get("type", None) == "id")]: field = Field('id', 'id') newfields.append(field) fieldnames.add('id') self._id = field virtual_fields = [] def include_new(field): newfields.append(field) fieldnames.add( if field.type == 'id': self._id = field for field in fields: if isinstance(field, (FieldVirtual, FieldMethod)): virtual_fields.append(field) elif isinstance(field, Field) and not in fieldnames: if field.db is not None: field = copy.copy(field) include_new(field) elif isinstance(field, Table): table = field for field in table: if not in fieldnames and field.type != 'id': t2 = not table._actual and self._tablename include_new(field.clone(point_self_references_to=t2)) elif isinstance(field, dict) and \ field['fieldname'] not in fieldnames: include_new(Field(**field)) elif not isinstance(field, (Field, Table)): raise SyntaxError( 'define_table argument is not a Field or Table: %s' % field ) fields = newfields tablename = tablename self._fields = SQLCallableList() self.virtualfields = [] fields = list(fields) if db and db._adapter.uploads_in_blob is True: uploadfields = [ for f in fields if f.type == 'blob'] for field in fields: fn = field.uploadfield if isinstance(field, Field) and field.type == 'upload'\ and fn is True and not field.uploadfs: fn = field.uploadfield = '%s_blob' % if isinstance(fn, str) and fn not in uploadfields and \ not field.uploadfs: fields.append(Field(fn, 'blob', default='', writable=False, readable=False)) fieldnames_set = set() reserved = dir(Table) + ['fields'] if (db and db._check_reserved): check_reserved_keyword = db.check_reserved_keyword else: def check_reserved_keyword(field_name): if field_name in reserved: raise SyntaxError("field name %s not allowed" % field_name) for field in fields: field_name = check_reserved_keyword(field_name) if db and db._ignore_field_case: fname_item = field_name.lower() else: fname_item = field_name if fname_item in fieldnames_set: raise SyntaxError( "duplicate field %s in table %s" % (field_name, tablename)) else: fieldnames_set.add(fname_item) self.fields.append(field_name) self[field_name] = field if field.type == 'id': self['id'] = field field.bind(self) self.ALL = SQLALL(self) if _primarykey is not None: for k in _primarykey: if k not in self.fields: raise SyntaxError( "primarykey must be a list of fields from table '%s " % tablename) else: self[k].notnull = True for field in virtual_fields: self[] = field @property def fields(self): return self._fields def _structure(self): keys = ['name','type','writable','listable','searchable','regex','options', 'default','label','unique','notnull','required'] def noncallable(obj): return obj if not callable(obj) else None return [{key: noncallable(getattr(field, key)) for key in keys} for field in self if field.readable and not field.type=='password'] @cachedprop def _upload_fieldnames(self): return set( for field in self if field.type == 'upload')
[docs] def update(self, *args, **kwargs): raise RuntimeError("Syntax Not Supported")
def _enable_record_versioning(self, archive_db=None, archive_name='%(tablename)s_archive', is_active='is_active', current_record='current_record', current_record_label=None, migrate=None, redefine=None): db = self._db archive_db = archive_db or db archive_name = archive_name % dict(tablename=self._dalname) if archive_name in archive_db.tables(): return # do not try define the archive if already exists fieldnames = self.fields() same_db = archive_db is db field_type = self if same_db else 'bigint' clones = [] for field in self: nfk = same_db or not field.type.startswith('reference') clones.append( field.clone(unique=False, type=field.type if nfk else 'bigint') ) d = dict(format=self._format) if migrate: d['migrate'] = migrate elif isinstance(self._migrate, basestring): d['migrate'] = self._migrate+'_archive' elif self._migrate: d['migrate'] = self._migrate if redefine: d['redefine'] = redefine archive_db.define_table( archive_name, Field(current_record, field_type, label=current_record_label), *clones, **d) self._before_update.append( lambda qset, fs, db=archive_db, an=archive_name, cn=current_record: archive_record(qset, fs, db[an], cn)) if is_active and is_active in fieldnames: self._before_delete.append( lambda qset: qset.update(is_active=False)) newquery = lambda query, t=self, name=self._tablename: reduce( AND, [ tab.is_active == True for tab in db._adapter.tables(query).values() if tab._raw_rname == self._raw_rname] ) query = self._common_filter if query: self._common_filter = lambda q: reduce( AND, [query(q), newquery(q)]) else: self._common_filter = newquery def _validate(self, **vars): errors = Row() for key, value in iteritems(vars): value, error = getattr(self, key).validate(value) if error: errors[key] = error return errors def _create_references(self): db = self._db pr = db._pending_references self._referenced_by_list = [] self._referenced_by = [] self._references = [] for field in self: # fieldname = #FIXME not used ? field_type = field.type if isinstance(field_type, str) and ( field_type.startswith('reference ') or field_type.startswith('list:reference ')): is_list = field_type[:15] == 'list:reference ' if is_list: ref = field_type[15:].strip() else: ref = field_type[10:].strip() if not ref: SyntaxError('Table: reference to nothing: %s' % ref) if '.' in ref: rtablename, throw_it, rfieldname = ref.partition('.') else: rtablename, rfieldname = ref, None if rtablename not in db: pr[rtablename] = pr.get(rtablename, []) + [field] continue rtable = db[rtablename] if rfieldname: if not hasattr(rtable, '_primarykey'): raise SyntaxError( 'keyed tables can only reference other keyed tables (for now)') if rfieldname not in rtable.fields: raise SyntaxError( "invalid field '%s' for referenced table '%s'" " in table '%s'" % (rfieldname, rtablename, self._tablename) ) rfield = rtable[rfieldname] else: rfield = rtable._id if is_list: rtable._referenced_by_list.append(field) else: rtable._referenced_by.append(field) field.referent = rfield self._references.append(field) else: field.referent = None if self._tablename in pr: referees = pr.pop(self._tablename) for referee in referees: if referee.type.startswith('list:reference '): self._referenced_by_list.append(referee) else: self._referenced_by.append(referee) def _filter_fields(self, record, id=False): return dict([(k, v) for (k, v) in iteritems(record) if k in self.fields and (getattr(self, k).type != 'id' or id)]) def _build_query(self, key): """ for keyed table only """ query = None for k, v in iteritems(key): if k in self._primarykey: if query: query = query & (getattr(self, k) == v) else: query = (getattr(self, k) == v) else: raise SyntaxError( 'Field %s is not part of the primary key of %s' % (k, self._tablename)) return query def __getitem__(self, key): isgoogle = Key is not None and isinstance(key, Key) if str(key).isdigit() or isgoogle: # non negative key or gae return self._db(self._id == key).select( limitby=(0, 1), orderby_on_limitby=False ).first() elif isinstance(key, dict): # keyed table query = self._build_query(key) return self._db(query).select( limitby=(0, 1), orderby_on_limitby=False ).first() elif key is None: return None else: try: return getattr(self, key) except: raise KeyError(key) def __call__(self, key=DEFAULT, **kwargs): for_update = kwargs.get('_for_update', False) if '_for_update' in kwargs: del kwargs['_for_update'] orderby = kwargs.get('_orderby', None) if '_orderby' in kwargs: del kwargs['_orderby'] if key is not DEFAULT: if isinstance(key, Query): record = self._db(key).select( limitby=(0, 1), for_update=for_update, orderby=orderby, orderby_on_limitby=False).first() elif not str(key).isdigit(): record = None else: record = self._db(self._id == key).select( limitby=(0, 1), for_update=for_update, orderby=orderby, orderby_on_limitby=False).first() if record: for k, v in iteritems(kwargs): if record[k] != v: return None return record elif kwargs: query = reduce(lambda a, b: a & b, [ getattr(self, k) == v for k, v in iteritems(kwargs)]) return self._db(query).select(limitby=(0, 1), for_update=for_update, orderby=orderby, orderby_on_limitby=False).first() else: return None def __setitem__(self, key, value): if key is None: self.insert(**self._filter_fields(value)) elif isinstance(key, dict) and isinstance(value, dict): """ option for keyed table """ if set(key.keys()) == set(self._primarykey): value = self._filter_fields(value) kv = {} kv.update(value) kv.update(key) if not self.insert(**kv): query = self._build_query(key) self._db(query).update(**self._filter_fields(value)) else: raise SyntaxError( 'key must have all fields from primary key: %s' % self._primarykey) elif str(key).isdigit(): if not self._db(self._id == key).update(**self._filter_fields(value)): raise SyntaxError('No such record: %s' % key) else: if isinstance(key, dict): raise SyntaxError( 'value must be a dictionary: %s' % value) self.__dict__[str(key)] = value if isinstance(value, (FieldVirtual, FieldMethod)): if == 'unknown': = str(key) if isinstance(value, FieldVirtual): self._virtual_fields.append(value) else: self._virtual_methods.append(value) def __setattr__(self, key, value): if key[:1] != '_' and key in self: raise SyntaxError( 'Object exists and cannot be redefined: %s' % key) self[key] = value def __delitem__(self, key): if isinstance(key, dict): query = self._build_query(key) if not self._db(query).delete(): raise SyntaxError('No such record: %s' % key) elif not str(key).isdigit() or not self._db(self._id == key).delete(): raise SyntaxError('No such record: %s' % key) def __iter__(self): for fieldname in self.fields: yield getattr(self, fieldname) def __repr__(self): return '<Table %s (%s)>' % (self._tablename, ', '.join(self.fields())) def __str__(self): if self._tablename == self._dalname: return self._tablename return self._db._adapter.dialect._as(self._dalname, self._tablename) @property @deprecated('sqlsafe', 'sql_shortref', 'Table') def sqlsafe(self): return self.sql_shortref @property @deprecated('sqlsafe_alias', 'sql_fullref', 'Table') def sqlsafe_alias(self): return self.sql_fullref @property def sql_shortref(self): if self._tablename == self._dalname: return self._rname return self._db._adapter.sqlsafe_table(self._tablename) @property def sql_fullref(self): if self._tablename == self._dalname: return self._rname return self._db._adapter.sqlsafe_table(self._tablename, self._rname)
[docs] def query_name(self, *args, **kwargs): return (self.sql_fullref,)
def _drop(self, mode=''): return self._db._adapter.dialect.drop_table(self, mode)
[docs] def drop(self, mode=''): return self._db._adapter.drop_table(self, mode)
def _filter_fields_for_operation(self, fields): new_fields = {} # format: new_fields[name] = (field, value) input_fieldnames = set(fields) table_fieldnames = set(self.fields) empty_fieldnames = OrderedDict((name, name) for name in self.fields) for name in list(input_fieldnames & table_fieldnames): field = getattr(self, name) value = field.filter_in(fields[name]) \ if field.filter_in else fields[name] new_fields[name] = (field, value) del empty_fieldnames[name] return list(empty_fieldnames), new_fields def _compute_fields_for_operation(self, fields, to_compute): row = OpRow(self) for name, tup in iteritems(fields): field, value = tup if isinstance( value, ( types.LambdaType, types.FunctionType, types.MethodType, types.BuiltinFunctionType, types.BuiltinMethodType ) ): value = value() row.set_value(name, value, field) for name, field in to_compute: try: row.set_value(name, field.compute(row), field) except (KeyError, AttributeError): # error silently unless field is required! if field.required and name not in fields: raise RuntimeError( 'unable to compute required field: %s' % name) return row def _fields_and_values_for_insert(self, fields): empty_fieldnames, new_fields = \ self._filter_fields_for_operation(fields) to_compute = [] for name in empty_fieldnames: field = getattr(self, name) if field.compute: to_compute.append((name, field)) elif field.default is not None: new_fields[name] = (field, field.default) elif field.required: raise RuntimeError( 'Table: missing required field: %s' % name) return self._compute_fields_for_operation( new_fields, to_compute) def _fields_and_values_for_update(self, fields): empty_fieldnames, new_fields = \ self._filter_fields_for_operation(fields) to_compute = [] for name in empty_fieldnames: field = getattr(self, name) if field.compute: to_compute.append((name, field)) if field.update is not None: new_fields[name] = (field, field.update) return self._compute_fields_for_operation( new_fields, to_compute) def _insert(self, **fields): row = self._fields_and_values_for_insert(fields) return self._db._adapter._insert(self, row.op_values())
[docs] def insert(self, **fields): row = self._fields_and_values_for_insert(fields) if any(f(row) for f in self._before_insert): return 0 ret = self._db._adapter.insert(self, row.op_values()) if ret and self._after_insert: for f in self._after_insert: f(row, ret) return ret
def _validate_fields(self, fields, defattr='default'): response = Row(), response.errors, new_fields = None, Row(), Row() for field in self: # we validate even if not passed in case it is required error = default = None if not field.required and not field.compute: default = getattr(field, defattr) if callable(default): default = default() if not field.compute: value = fields.get(, default) value, error = field.validate(value) if error: response.errors[] = "%s" % error elif in fields: # only write if the field was passed and no error new_fields[] = value return response, new_fields
[docs] def validate_and_insert(self, **fields): response, new_fields = self._validate_fields(fields, 'default') if not response.errors: = self.insert(**new_fields) return response
[docs] def validate_and_update(self, _key=DEFAULT, **fields): response, new_fields = self._validate_fields(fields, 'update') #: select record(s) for update if _key is DEFAULT: record = self(**fields) elif isinstance(_key, dict): record = self(**_key) else: record = self(_key) #: do the update if not response.errors and record: if '_id' in self: myset = self._db(self._id == record[]) else: query = None for key, value in iteritems(_key): if query is None: query = getattr(self, key) == value else: query = query & (getattr(self, key) == value) myset = self._db(query) = myset.update(**new_fields) and record[] return response
[docs] def update_or_insert(self, _key=DEFAULT, **values): if _key is DEFAULT: record = self(**values) elif isinstance(_key, dict): record = self(**_key) else: record = self(_key) if record: record.update_record(**values) newid = None else: newid = self.insert(**values) return newid
[docs] def validate_and_update_or_insert(self, _key=DEFAULT, **fields): if _key is DEFAULT or _key == '': primary_keys = {} for key, value in iteritems(fields): if key in self._primarykey: primary_keys[key] = value if primary_keys != {}: record = self(**primary_keys) _key = primary_keys else: required_keys = {} for key, value in iteritems(fields): if getattr(self, key).required: required_keys[key] = value record = self(**required_keys) _key = required_keys elif isinstance(_key, dict): record = self(**_key) else: record = self(_key) if record: response = self.validate_and_update(_key, **fields) if hasattr(self, '_primarykey'): primary_keys = {} for key in self._primarykey: primary_keys[key] = getattr(record, key) = primary_keys else: response = self.validate_and_insert(**fields) return response
[docs] def bulk_insert(self, items): """ here items is a list of dictionaries """ data = [self._fields_and_values_for_insert(item) for item in items] if any(f(el) for el in data for f in self._before_insert): return 0 ret = self._db._adapter.bulk_insert( self, [el.op_values() for el in data]) ret and [ [f(el, ret[k]) for k, el in enumerate(data)] for f in self._after_insert] return ret
def _truncate(self, mode=''): return self._db._adapter.dialect.truncate(self, mode)
[docs] def truncate(self, mode=''): return self._db._adapter.truncate(self, mode)
[docs] def import_from_csv_file(self, csvfile, id_map = None, null = '<NULL>', unique = 'uuid', id_offset = None, # id_offset used only when id_map is None transform = None, validate=False, **kwargs ): """ Import records from csv file. Column headers must have same names as table fields. Field 'id' is ignored. If column names read 'table.file' the 'table.' prefix is ignored. - 'unique' argument is a field which must be unique (typically a uuid field) - 'restore' argument is default False; if set True will remove old values in table first. - 'id_map' if set to None will not map ids The import will keep the id numbers in the restored table. This assumes that there is an field of type id that is integer and in incrementing order. Will keep the id numbers in restored table. """ if validate: inserting=self.validate_and_insert else: inserting=self.insert delimiter = kwargs.get('delimiter', ',') quotechar = kwargs.get('quotechar', '"') quoting = kwargs.get('quoting', csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL) restore = kwargs.get('restore', False) if restore: self._db[self].truncate() reader = csv.reader(csvfile, delimiter=delimiter, quotechar=quotechar, quoting=quoting) colnames = None if isinstance(id_map, dict): if self._tablename not in id_map: id_map[self._tablename] = {} id_map_self = id_map[self._tablename] def fix(field, value, id_map, id_offset): list_reference_s = 'list:reference' if value == null: value = None elif field.type == 'blob': value = base64.b64decode(value) elif field.type == 'double' or field.type == 'float': if not value.strip(): value = None else: value = float(value) elif field.type in ('integer', 'bigint'): if not value.strip(): value = None else: value = long(value) elif field.type.startswith('list:string'): value = bar_decode_string(value) elif field.type.startswith(list_reference_s): ref_table = field.type[len(list_reference_s):].strip() if id_map is not None: value = [id_map[ref_table][long(v)] for v in bar_decode_string(value)] else: value = [v for v in bar_decode_string(value)] elif field.type.startswith('list:'): value = bar_decode_integer(value) elif id_map and field.type.startswith('reference'): try: value = id_map[field.type[9:].strip()][long(value)] except KeyError: pass elif id_offset and field.type.startswith('reference'): try: value = id_offset[field.type[9:].strip()]+long(value) except KeyError: pass return value def is_id(colname): if colname in self: return getattr(self, colname).type == 'id' else: return False first = True unique_idx = None for lineno, line in enumerate(reader): if not line: return if not colnames: # assume this is the first line of the input, contains colnames colnames = [x.split('.', 1)[-1] for x in line][:len(line)] cols, cid = {}, None for i, colname in enumerate(colnames): if is_id(colname): cid = colname elif colname in self.fields: cols[colname] = getattr(self, colname) if colname == unique: unique_idx = i elif len(line)==len(colnames): # every other line contains instead data items = dict(zip(colnames, line)) if transform: items = transform(items) ditems = dict() csv_id = None for field in self: fieldname = if fieldname in items: try: value = fix(field, items[fieldname], id_map, id_offset) if field.type!='id': ditems[fieldname] = value else: csv_id = long(value) except ValueError: raise RuntimeError("Unable to parse line:%s" % (lineno+1)) if not (id_map or csv_id is None or id_offset is None or unique_idx): curr_id = inserting(**ditems) if first: first = False # First curr_id is bigger than csv_id, # then we are not restoring but # extending db table with csv db table id_offset[self._tablename] = (curr_id-csv_id) \ if curr_id > csv_id else 0 # create new id until we get the same as old_id+offset while curr_id < csv_id+id_offset[self._tablename]: self._db(getattr(self, cid) == curr_id).delete() curr_id = inserting(**ditems) # Validation. Check for duplicate of 'unique' &, # if present, update instead of insert. elif not unique_idx: new_id = inserting(**ditems) else: unique_value = line[unique_idx] query = getattr(self, unique) == unique_value record = self._db(query).select().first() if record: record.update_record(**ditems) new_id = record[] else: new_id = inserting(**ditems) if id_map and csv_id is not None: id_map_self[csv_id] = new_id if lineno % 1000 == 999: self._db.commit()
[docs] def as_dict(self, flat=False, sanitize=True): table_as_dict = dict( tablename=str(self), fields=[], sequence_name=self._sequence_name, trigger_name=self._trigger_name, common_filter=self._common_filter, format=self._format, singular=self._singular, plural=self._plural) for field in self: if (field.readable or field.writable) or (not sanitize): table_as_dict["fields"].append(field.as_dict( flat=flat, sanitize=sanitize)) return table_as_dict
[docs] def with_alias(self, alias): try: if self._db[alias]._rname == self._rname: return self._db[alias] except AttributeError: # we never used this alias pass other = copy.copy(self) other['ALL'] = SQLALL(other) other['_tablename'] = alias for fieldname in other.fields: tmp = getattr(self, fieldname).clone() tmp.bind(other) other[fieldname] = tmp if 'id' in self and 'id' not in other.fields: other['id'] = other[] other._id = other[] self._db[alias] = other return other
[docs] def on(self, query): return Expression(self._db, self._db._adapter.dialect.on, self, query)
[docs] def create_index(self, name, *fields, **kwargs): return self._db._adapter.create_index(self, name, *fields, **kwargs)
[docs] def drop_index(self, name): return self._db._adapter.drop_index(self, name)
[docs]class Select(BasicStorage): def __init__(self, db, query, fields, attributes): self._db = db self._tablename = None # alias will be stored here self._rname = self._raw_rname = self._dalname = None self._common_filter = None self._query = query # if false, the subquery will never reference tables from parent scope self._correlated = attributes.pop('correlated', True) self._attributes = attributes self._qfields = list(fields) self._fields = SQLCallableList() self._virtual_fields = [] self._virtual_methods = [] self.virtualfields = [] self._sql_cache = None self._colnames_cache = None fieldcheck = set() for item in fields: if isinstance(item, Field): checkname = field = item.clone() elif isinstance(item, Expression): if item.op != item._dialect._as: continue checkname = item.second field = Field(item.second, type=item.type) else: raise SyntaxError('Invalid field in Select') if db and db._ignore_field_case: checkname = checkname.lower() if checkname in fieldcheck: raise SyntaxError("duplicate field %s in select query" % fieldcheck.add(checkname) field.bind(self) self.fields.append( self[] = field self.ALL = SQLALL(self) @property def fields(self): return self._fields
[docs] def update(self, *args, **kwargs): raise RuntimeError("update() method not supported")
def __getitem__(self, key): try: return getattr(self, key) except AttributeError: raise KeyError(key) def __setitem__(self, key, value): self.__dict__[str(key)] = value def __call__(self): adapter = self._db._adapter colnames, sql = self._compile() cache = self._attributes.get('cache', None) if cache and self._attributes.get('cacheable', False): return adapter._cached_select(cache, sql, self._fields, self._attributes, colnames) return adapter._select_aux(sql, self._qfields, self._attributes, colnames) def __setattr__(self, key, value): if key[:1] != '_' and key in self: raise SyntaxError( 'Object exists and cannot be redefined: %s' % key) self[key] = value def __iter__(self): for fieldname in self.fields: yield self[fieldname] def __repr__(self): return '<Select (%s)>' % ', '.join(map(str, self._qfields)) def __str__(self): return self._compile(with_alias=(self._tablename is not None))[1]
[docs] def with_alias(self, alias): other = copy.copy(self) other['ALL'] = SQLALL(other) other['_tablename'] = alias for fieldname in other.fields: tmp = self[fieldname].clone() tmp.bind(other) other[fieldname] = tmp return other
[docs] def on(self, query): if not self._tablename: raise SyntaxError("Subselect must be aliased for use in a JOIN") return Expression(self._db, self._db._adapter.dialect.on, self, query)
def _compile(self, outer_scoped=[], with_alias=False): if not self._correlated: outer_scoped = [] if outer_scoped or not self._sql_cache: adapter = self._db._adapter attributes = self._attributes.copy() attributes['outer_scoped'] = outer_scoped colnames, sql = adapter._select_wcols(self._query, self._qfields, **attributes) # Do not cache when the query may depend on external tables if not outer_scoped: self._colnames_cache, self._sql_cache = colnames, sql else: colnames, sql = self._colnames_cache, self._sql_cache if with_alias and self._tablename is not None: sql = '(%s)' % sql[:-1] sql = self._db._adapter.dialect.alias(sql, self._tablename) return colnames, sql
[docs] def query_name(self, outer_scoped=[]): if self._tablename is None: raise SyntaxError("Subselect must be aliased for use in a JOIN") colnames, sql = self._compile(outer_scoped, True) # This method should also return list of placeholder values # in the future return (sql,)
@property def sql_shortref(self): if self._tablename is None: raise SyntaxError("Subselect must be aliased for use in a JOIN") return self._db._adapter.dialect.quote(self._tablename) def _filter_fields(self, record, id=False): return dict([(k, v) for (k, v) in iteritems(record) if k in self.fields and (self[k].type != 'id' or id)])
def _expression_wrap(wrapper): def wrap(self, *args, **kwargs): return wrapper(self, *args, **kwargs) return wrap
[docs]class Expression(object): _dialect_expressions_ = {} def __new__(cls, *args, **kwargs): for name, wrapper in iteritems(cls._dialect_expressions_): setattr(cls, name, _expression_wrap(wrapper)) new_cls = super(Expression, cls).__new__(cls) return new_cls def __init__(self, db, op, first=None, second=None, type=None, **optional_args): self.db = db self.op = op self.first = first self.second = second self._table = getattr(first, '_table', None) if not type and first and hasattr(first, 'type'): self.type = first.type else: self.type = type if isinstance(self.type, str): self._itype = REGEX_TYPE.match(self.type).group(0) else: self._itype = None self.optional_args = optional_args @property def _dialect(self): return self.db._adapter.dialect
[docs] def sum(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.aggregate, self, 'SUM', self.type)
[docs] def max(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.aggregate, self, 'MAX', self.type)
[docs] def min(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.aggregate, self, 'MIN', self.type)
[docs] def len(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.length, self, None, 'integer')
[docs] def avg(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.aggregate, self, 'AVG', self.type)
[docs] def abs(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.aggregate, self, 'ABS', self.type)
[docs] def cast(self, cast_as, **kwargs): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.cast, self, self._dialect.types[cast_as] % kwargs, cast_as)
[docs] def lower(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.lower, self, None, self.type)
[docs] def upper(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.upper, self, None, self.type)
[docs] def replace(self, a, b): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.replace, self, (a, b), self.type)
[docs] def year(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.extract, self, 'year', 'integer')
[docs] def month(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.extract, self, 'month', 'integer')
[docs] def day(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.extract, self, 'day', 'integer')
[docs] def hour(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.extract, self, 'hour', 'integer')
[docs] def minutes(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.extract, self, 'minute', 'integer')
[docs] def coalesce(self, *others): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.coalesce, self, others, self.type)
[docs] def coalesce_zero(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.coalesce_zero, self, None, self.type)
[docs] def seconds(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.extract, self, 'second', 'integer')
[docs] def epoch(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.epoch, self, None, 'integer')
def __getitem__(self, i): if isinstance(i, slice): start = i.start or 0 stop = i.stop db = self.db if start < 0: pos0 = '(%s - %d)' % (self.len(), abs(start) - 1) else: pos0 = start + 1 maxint = sys.maxint if PY2 else sys.maxsize if stop is None or stop == maxint: length = self.len() elif stop < 0: length = '(%s - %d - %s)' % (self.len(), abs(stop) - 1, pos0) else: length = '(%s - %s)' % (stop + 1, pos0) return Expression(db, self._dialect.substring, self, (pos0, length), self.type) else: return self[i:i + 1] def __str__(self): return str(self.db._adapter.expand(self, self.type)) def __or__(self, other): # for use in sortby return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.comma, self, other, self.type) def __invert__(self): if hasattr(self, '_op') and self.op == self._dialect.invert: return self.first return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.invert, self, type=self.type) def __add__(self, other): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.add, self, other, self.type) def __sub__(self, other): if self.type in ('integer', 'bigint'): result_type = 'integer' elif self.type in ['date', 'time', 'datetime', 'double', 'float']: result_type = 'double' elif self.type.startswith('decimal('): result_type = self.type else: raise SyntaxError("subtraction operation not supported for type") return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.sub, self, other, result_type) def __mul__(self, other): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.mul, self, other, self.type) def __div__(self, other): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.div, self, other, self.type) def __truediv__(self, other): return self.__div__(other) def __mod__(self, other): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.mod, self, other, self.type) def __eq__(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.eq, self, value) def __ne__(self, value): return Query(self.db,, self, value) def __lt__(self, value): return Query(self.db,, self, value) def __le__(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.lte, self, value) def __gt__(self, value): return Query(self.db,, self, value) def __ge__(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.gte, self, value)
[docs] def like(self, value, case_sensitive=True, escape=None): op = case_sensitive and or self._dialect.ilike return Query(self.db, op, self, value, escape=escape)
[docs] def ilike(self, value, escape=None): return, case_sensitive=False, escape=escape)
[docs] def regexp(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.regexp, self, value)
[docs] def belongs(self, *value, **kwattr): """ Accepts the following inputs:: field.belongs(1, 2) field.belongs((1, 2)) field.belongs(query) Does NOT accept: field.belongs(1) If the set you want back includes `None` values, you can do:: field.belongs((1, None), null=True) """ db = self.db if len(value) == 1: value = value[0] if isinstance(value, Query): value = db(value)._select(value.first._table._id) elif not isinstance(value, (Select, basestring)): value = set(value) if kwattr.get('null') and None in value: value.remove(None) return (self == None) | Query( self.db, self._dialect.belongs, self, value) return Query(self.db, self._dialect.belongs, self, value)
[docs] def startswith(self, value): if self.type not in ('string', 'text', 'json', 'jsonb', 'upload'): raise SyntaxError("startswith used with incompatible field type") return Query(self.db, self._dialect.startswith, self, value)
[docs] def endswith(self, value): if self.type not in ('string', 'text', 'json', 'jsonb', 'upload'): raise SyntaxError("endswith used with incompatible field type") return Query(self.db, self._dialect.endswith, self, value)
[docs] def contains(self, value, all=False, case_sensitive=False): """ For GAE contains() is always case sensitive """ if isinstance(value, (list, tuple)): subqueries = [self.contains(str(v), case_sensitive=case_sensitive) for v in value if str(v)] if not subqueries: return self.contains('') else: return reduce(all and AND or OR, subqueries) if self.type not in ('string', 'text', 'json', 'jsonb', 'upload') and not \ self.type.startswith('list:'): raise SyntaxError("contains used with incompatible field type") return Query( self.db, self._dialect.contains, self, value, case_sensitive=case_sensitive)
[docs] def with_alias(self, alias): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect._as, self, alias, self.type)
# GIS expressions
[docs] def st_asgeojson(self, precision=15, options=0, version=1): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.st_asgeojson, self, dict(precision=precision, options=options, version=version), 'string')
[docs] def st_astext(self): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.st_astext, self, type='string')
[docs] def st_x(self): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.st_x, self, type='string')
[docs] def st_y(self): return Expression(self.db, self._dialect.st_y, self, type='string')
[docs] def st_distance(self, other): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.st_distance, self, other, 'double')
[docs] def st_simplify(self, value): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.st_simplify, self, value, self.type)
[docs] def st_simplifypreservetopology(self, value): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.st_simplifypreservetopology, self, value, self.type)
# GIS queries
[docs] def st_contains(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.st_contains, self, value)
[docs] def st_equals(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.st_equals, self, value)
[docs] def st_intersects(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.st_intersects, self, value)
[docs] def st_overlaps(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.st_overlaps, self, value)
[docs] def st_touches(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.st_touches, self, value)
[docs] def st_within(self, value): return Query(self.db, self._dialect.st_within, self, value)
[docs] def st_dwithin(self, value, distance): return Query( self.db, self._dialect.st_dwithin, self, (value, distance))
[docs]class FieldVirtual(object): def __init__(self, name, f=None, ftype='string', label=None, table_name=None, readable=True, listable=True): # for backward compatibility (, self.f) = (name, f) if f else ('unknown', name) self.type = ftype self.label = label or'_', ' ') self.represent = lambda v, r=None: v self.formatter = IDENTITY self.comment = None self.readable = readable self.listable = listable self.searchable = False self.writable = False self.requires = None self.widget = None self.tablename = table_name self.filter_out = None def __str__(self): return '%s.%s' % (self.tablename,
[docs]class FieldMethod(object): def __init__(self, name, f=None, handler=None): # for backward compatibility (, self.f) = (name, f) if f else ('unknown', name) self.handler = handler or VirtualCommand
[docs]@implements_bool class Field(Expression, Serializable): Virtual = FieldVirtual Method = FieldMethod Lazy = FieldMethod # for backward compatibility """ Represents a database field Example: Usage:: a = Field(name, 'string', length=32, default=None, required=False, requires=IS_NOT_EMPTY(), ondelete='CASCADE', notnull=False, unique=False, regex=None, options=None, uploadfield=True, widget=None, label=None, comment=None, uploadfield=True, # True means store on disk, # 'a_field_name' means store in this field in db # False means file content will be discarded. writable=True, readable=True, searchable=True, listable=True, update=None, authorize=None, autodelete=False, represent=None, uploadfolder=None, uploadseparate=False # upload to separate directories by uuid_keys # first 2 character and tablename.fieldname # False - old behavior # True - put uploaded file in # <uploaddir>/<tablename>.<fieldname>/uuid_key[:2] # directory) uploadfs=None # a pyfilesystem where to store upload ) to be used as argument of `DAL.define_table` """ def __init__(self, fieldname, type='string', length=None, default=DEFAULT, required=False, requires=DEFAULT, ondelete='CASCADE', notnull=False, unique=False, uploadfield=True, widget=None, label=None, comment=None, writable=True, readable=True, searchable=True, listable=True, regex=None, options=None, update=None, authorize=None, autodelete=False, represent=None, uploadfolder=None, uploadseparate=False, uploadfs=None, compute=None, custom_store=None, custom_retrieve=None, custom_retrieve_file_properties=None, custom_delete=None, filter_in=None, filter_out=None, custom_qualifier=None, map_none=None, rname=None, **others): self._db = self.db = None # both for backward compatibility self.table = self._table = None self.op = None self.first = None self.second = None if PY2 and isinstance(fieldname, unicode): try: fieldname = str(fieldname) except UnicodeEncodeError: raise SyntaxError('Field: invalid unicode field name') = fieldname = cleanup(fieldname) if (not isinstance(fieldname, str) or hasattr(Table, fieldname) or not REGEX_VALID_TB_FLD.match(fieldname) or REGEX_PYTHON_KEYWORDS.match(fieldname)): raise SyntaxError('Field: invalid field name: %s, ' 'use rname for "funny" names' % fieldname) if not isinstance(type, (Table, Field)): self.type = type else: self.type = 'reference %s' % type self.length = length if length is not None else \ DEFAULTLENGTH.get(self.type, 512) self.default = default if default != DEFAULT else (update or None) self.required = required # is this field required self.ondelete = ondelete.upper() # this is for reference fields only self.notnull = notnull self.unique = unique # split to deal with decimal(,) self.regex = regex if not regex and isinstance(self.type, str): self.regex = DEFAULT_REGEX.get(self.type.split('(')[0]) self.options = options self.uploadfield = uploadfield self.uploadfolder = uploadfolder self.uploadseparate = uploadseparate self.uploadfs = uploadfs self.widget = widget self.comment = comment self.writable = writable self.readable = readable self.searchable = searchable self.listable = listable self.update = update self.authorize = authorize self.autodelete = autodelete self.represent = list_represent if represent is None and \ type in ('list:integer', 'list:string') else represent self.compute = compute self.isattachment = True self.custom_store = custom_store self.custom_retrieve = custom_retrieve self.custom_retrieve_file_properties = custom_retrieve_file_properties self.custom_delete = custom_delete self.filter_in = filter_in self.filter_out = filter_out self.custom_qualifier = custom_qualifier self.label = (label if label is not None else fieldname.replace('_', ' ').title()) self.requires = requires if requires is not None else [] self.map_none = map_none self._rname = self._raw_rname = rname stype = self.type if isinstance(self.type, SQLCustomType): stype = self.type.type self._itype = REGEX_TYPE.match(stype).group(0) if stype else None for key in others: setattr(self, key, others[key])
[docs] def bind(self, table): if self._table is not None: raise ValueError( 'Field %s is already bound to a table' % self.longname) self.db = self._db = table._db self.table = self._table = table self.tablename = self._tablename = table._tablename if self._db and self._rname is None: self._rname = self._db._adapter.sqlsafe_field( self._raw_rname =
[docs] def set_attributes(self, *args, **attributes): self.__dict__.update(*args, **attributes) return self
[docs] def clone(self, point_self_references_to=False, **args): field = copy.copy(self) if point_self_references_to and \ self.type == 'reference %s' % self._tablename: field.type = 'reference %s' % point_self_references_to field.__dict__.update(args) field.db = field._db = None field.table = field._table = None field.tablename = field._tablename = None if self._db and \ self._rname == self._db._adapter.sqlsafe_field( # Reset the name because it may need to be requoted by bind() field._rname = field._raw_rname = None return field
[docs] def store(self, file, filename=None, path=None): # make sure filename is a str sequence filename = "{}".format(filename) if self.custom_store: return self.custom_store(file, filename, path) if isinstance(file, cgi.FieldStorage): filename = filename or file.filename file = file.file elif not filename: filename = filename = os.path.basename( filename.replace('/', os.sep).replace('\\', os.sep)) m = extension = m and'e') or 'txt' uuid_key = self._db.uuid().replace('-', '')[-16:] encoded_filename = to_native( base64.b16encode(to_bytes(filename)).lower()) newfilename = '%s.%s.%s.%s' % ( self._tablename,, uuid_key, encoded_filename) newfilename = newfilename[:(self.length - 1 - len(extension))] + \ '.' + extension self_uploadfield = self.uploadfield if isinstance(self_uploadfield, Field): blob_uploadfield_name = self_uploadfield.uploadfield keys = { newfilename, blob_uploadfield_name:} self_uploadfield.table.insert(**keys) elif self_uploadfield is True: if self.uploadfs: dest_file =, 'wb') else: if path: pass elif self.uploadfolder: path = self.uploadfolder elif self.db._adapter.folder: path = pjoin(self.db._adapter.folder, '..', 'uploads') else: raise RuntimeError( "you must specify a Field(..., uploadfolder=...)") if self.uploadseparate: if self.uploadfs: raise RuntimeError("not supported") path = pjoin(path, "%s.%s" % ( self._tablename,, uuid_key[:2] ) if not exists(path): os.makedirs(path) pathfilename = pjoin(path, newfilename) dest_file = open(pathfilename, 'wb') try: shutil.copyfileobj(file, dest_file) except IOError: raise IOError( 'Unable to store file "%s" because invalid permissions, ' 'readonly file system, or filename too long' % pathfilename) dest_file.close() return newfilename
[docs] def retrieve(self, name, path=None, nameonly=False): """ If `nameonly==True` return (filename, fullfilename) instead of (filename, stream) """ self_uploadfield = self.uploadfield if self.custom_retrieve: return self.custom_retrieve(name, path) if self.authorize or isinstance(self_uploadfield, str): row = self.db(self == name).select().first() if not row: raise NotFoundException if self.authorize and not self.authorize(row): raise NotAuthorizedException file_properties = self.retrieve_file_properties(name, path) filename = file_properties['filename'] if isinstance(self_uploadfield, str): # ## if file is in DB stream = BytesIO(to_bytes(row[self_uploadfield] or '')) elif isinstance(self_uploadfield, Field): blob_uploadfield_name = self_uploadfield.uploadfield query = self_uploadfield == name data = self_uploadfield.table(query)[blob_uploadfield_name] stream = BytesIO(to_bytes(data)) elif self.uploadfs: # ## if file is on pyfilesystem stream =, 'rb') else: # ## if file is on regular filesystem # this is intentially a sting with filename and not a stream # this propagates and allows stream_file_or_304_or_206 to be called fullname = pjoin(file_properties['path'], name) if nameonly: return (filename, fullname) stream = open(fullname, 'rb') return (filename, stream)
[docs] def retrieve_file_properties(self, name, path=None): m = REGEX_UPLOAD_PATTERN.match(name) if not m or not self.isattachment: raise TypeError('Can\'t retrieve %s file properties' % name) self_uploadfield = self.uploadfield if self.custom_retrieve_file_properties: return self.custom_retrieve_file_properties(name, path) if'name'): try: filename = base64.b16decode('name'), True).decode('utf-8') filename = REGEX_CLEANUP_FN.sub('_', filename) except (TypeError, AttributeError): filename = name else: filename = name # ## if file is in DB if isinstance(self_uploadfield, (str, Field)): return dict(path=None, filename=filename) # ## if file is on filesystem if not path: if self.uploadfolder: path = self.uploadfolder else: path = pjoin(self.db._adapter.folder, '..', 'uploads') if self.uploadseparate: t ='table') f ='field') u ='uuidkey') path = pjoin(path, "%s.%s" % (t, f), u[:2]) return dict(path=path, filename=filename)
[docs] def formatter(self, value): requires = self.requires if value is None: return self.map_none if not requires: return value if not isinstance(requires, (list, tuple)): requires = [requires] elif isinstance(requires, tuple): requires = list(requires) else: requires = copy.copy(requires) requires.reverse() for item in requires: if hasattr(item, 'formatter'): value = item.formatter(value) return value
[docs] def validate(self, value): if not self.requires or self.requires == DEFAULT: return ((value if value != self.map_none else None), None) requires = self.requires if not isinstance(requires, (list, tuple)): requires = [requires] for validator in requires: (value, error) = validator(value) if error: return (value, error) return ((value if value != self.map_none else None), None)
[docs] def count(self, distinct=None): return Expression( self.db, self._dialect.count, self, distinct, 'integer')
[docs] def as_dict(self, flat=False, sanitize=True): attrs = ( 'name', 'authorize', 'represent', 'ondelete', 'custom_store', 'autodelete', 'custom_retrieve', 'filter_out', 'uploadseparate', 'widget', 'uploadfs', 'update', 'custom_delete', 'uploadfield', 'uploadfolder', 'custom_qualifier', 'unique', 'writable', 'compute', 'map_none', 'default', 'type', 'required', 'readable', 'requires', 'comment', 'label', 'length', 'notnull', 'custom_retrieve_file_properties', 'filter_in') serializable = (int, long, basestring, float, tuple, bool, type(None)) def flatten(obj): if isinstance(obj, dict): return dict((flatten(k), flatten(v)) for k, v in obj.items()) elif isinstance(obj, (tuple, list, set)): return [flatten(v) for v in obj] elif isinstance(obj, serializable): return obj elif isinstance(obj, (datetime.datetime,, datetime.time)): return str(obj) else: return None d = dict() if not (sanitize and not (self.readable or self.writable)): for attr in attrs: if flat: d.update({attr: flatten(getattr(self, attr))}) else: d.update({attr: getattr(self, attr)}) d["fieldname"] = d.pop("name") return d
def __bool__(self): return True def __str__(self): if self._table: return '%s.%s' % (self.tablename, return '<no table>.%s' % def __hash__(self): return id(self) @property def sqlsafe(self): if self._table is None: raise SyntaxError('Field %s is not bound to any table' % return self._table.sql_shortref + '.' + self._rname @property @deprecated('sqlsafe_name', '_rname', 'Field') def sqlsafe_name(self): return self._rname @property def longname(self): if self._table is None: raise SyntaxError('Field %s is not bound to any table' % return self._table._tablename + '.' +
[docs]class Query(Serializable): """ Necessary to define a set. It can be stored or can be passed to `DAL.__call__()` to obtain a `Set` Example: Use as:: query ='Max' set = db(query) records = """ def __init__(self, db, op, first=None, second=None, ignore_common_filters=False, **optional_args ): self.db = self._db = db self.op = op self.first = first self.second = second self.ignore_common_filters = ignore_common_filters self.optional_args = optional_args @property def _dialect(self): return self.db._adapter.dialect def __repr__(self): return '<Query %s>' % str(self) def __str__(self): return str(self.db._adapter.expand(self)) def __and__(self, other): return Query(self.db, self._dialect._and, self, other) __rand__ = __and__ def __or__(self, other): return Query(self.db, self._dialect._or, self, other) __ror__ = __or__ def __invert__(self): if self.op == self._dialect._not: return self.first return Query(self.db, self._dialect._not, self) def __eq__(self, other): return repr(self) == repr(other) def __ne__(self, other): return not (self == other)
[docs] def case(self, t=1, f=0): return Expression(self.db,, self, (t, f))
[docs] def as_dict(self, flat=False, sanitize=True): """Experimental stuff This allows to return a plain dictionary with the basic query representation. Can be used with json/xml services for client-side db I/O Example: Usage:: q = != 0 q.as_dict(flat=True) { "op": "NE", "first":{ "tablename": "auth_user", "fieldname": "id" }, "second":0 } """ SERIALIZABLE_TYPES = (tuple, dict, set, list, int, long, float, basestring, type(None), bool) def loop(d): newd = dict() for k, v in d.items(): if k in ("first", "second"): if isinstance(v, self.__class__): newd[k] = loop(v.__dict__) elif isinstance(v, Field): newd[k] = {"tablename": v._tablename, "fieldname":} elif isinstance(v, Expression): newd[k] = loop(v.__dict__) elif isinstance(v, SERIALIZABLE_TYPES): newd[k] = v elif isinstance(v, (, datetime.time, datetime.datetime)): newd[k] = text_type(v) elif k == "op": if callable(v): newd[k] = v.__name__ elif isinstance(v, basestring): newd[k] = v else: pass # not callable or string elif isinstance(v, SERIALIZABLE_TYPES): if isinstance(v, dict): newd[k] = loop(v) else: newd[k] = v return newd if flat: return loop(self.__dict__) else: return self.__dict__
[docs]class Set(Serializable): """ Represents a set of records in the database. Records are identified by the `query=Query(...)` object. Normally the Set is generated by `DAL.__call__(Query(...))` Given a set, for example:: myset = db('Max') you can:: myset.update('Massimo') myset.delete() # all elements in the set,, limitby=(0, 10)) and take subsets: subset = myset(<5) """ def __init__(self, db, query, ignore_common_filters=None): self.db = db self._db = db # for backward compatibility self.dquery = None # if query is a dict, parse it if isinstance(query, dict): query = self.parse(query) if ignore_common_filters is not None and \ use_common_filters(query) == ignore_common_filters: query = copy.copy(query) query.ignore_common_filters = ignore_common_filters self.query = query def __repr__(self): return '<Set %s>' % str(self.query) def __call__(self, query, ignore_common_filters=False): return self.where(query, ignore_common_filters)
[docs] def where(self, query, ignore_common_filters=False): if query is None: return self elif isinstance(query, Table): query = self.db._adapter.id_query(query) elif isinstance(query, str): query = Expression(self.db, query) elif isinstance(query, Field): query = query != None if self.query: return Set(self.db, self.query & query, ignore_common_filters=ignore_common_filters) else: return Set(self.db, query, ignore_common_filters=ignore_common_filters)
def _count(self, distinct=None): return self.db._adapter._count(self.query, distinct) def _select(self, *fields, **attributes): adapter = self.db._adapter tablenames = adapter.tables(self.query, attributes.get('join', None), attributes.get('left', None), attributes.get('orderby', None), attributes.get('groupby', None)) fields = adapter.expand_all(fields, tablenames) return adapter._select(self.query, fields, attributes) def _delete(self): db = self.db table = db._adapter.get_table(self.query) return db._adapter._delete(table, self.query) def _update(self, **update_fields): db = self.db table = db._adapter.get_table(self.query) row = table._fields_and_values_for_update(update_fields) return db._adapter._update(table, self.query, row.op_values())
[docs] def as_dict(self, flat=False, sanitize=True): if flat: uid = dbname = uri = None codec = self.db._db_codec if not sanitize: uri, dbname, uid = (self.db._dbname, str(self.db), self.db._db_uid) d = {"query": self.query.as_dict(flat=flat)} d["db"] = {"uid": uid, "codec": codec, "name": dbname, "uri": uri} return d else: return self.__dict__
[docs] def parse(self, dquery): """Experimental: Turn a dictionary into a Query object""" self.dquery = dquery return
[docs] def build(self, d): """Experimental: see .parse()""" op, first, second = (d["op"], d["first"], d.get("second", None)) left = right = built = None if op in ("AND", "OR"): if not (type(first), type(second)) == (dict, dict): raise SyntaxError("Invalid AND/OR query") if op == "AND": built = & else: built = | elif op == "NOT": if first is None: raise SyntaxError("Invalid NOT query") built = else: # normal operation (GT, EQ, LT, ...) for k, v in {"left": first, "right": second}.items(): if isinstance(v, dict) and v.get("op"): v = if isinstance(v, dict) and ("tablename" in v): v = self.db[v["tablename"]][v["fieldname"]] if k == "left": left = v else: right = v if hasattr(self.db._adapter, op): opm = getattr(self.db._adapter, op) if op == "EQ": built = left == right elif op == "NE": built = left != right elif op == "GT": built = left > right elif op == "GE": built = left >= right elif op == "LT": built = left < right elif op == "LE": built = left <= right elif op in ("JOIN", "LEFT_JOIN", "RANDOM", "ALLOW_NULL"): built = Expression(self.db, opm) elif op in ("LOWER", "UPPER", "EPOCH", "PRIMARY_KEY", "COALESCE_ZERO", "RAW", "INVERT"): built = Expression(self.db, opm, left) elif op in ("COUNT", "EXTRACT", "AGGREGATE", "SUBSTRING", "REGEXP", "LIKE", "ILIKE", "STARTSWITH", "ENDSWITH", "ADD", "SUB", "MUL", "DIV", "MOD", "AS", "ON", "COMMA", "NOT_NULL", "COALESCE", "CONTAINS", "BELONGS"): built = Expression(self.db, opm, left, right) # expression as string elif not (left or right): built = Expression(self.db, op) else: raise SyntaxError("Operator not supported: %s" % op) return built
[docs] def isempty(self): return not, 1), orderby_on_limitby=False)
[docs] def count(self, distinct=None, cache=None): db = self.db if cache: sql = self._count(distinct=distinct) if isinstance(cache, dict): cache_model = cache['model'] time_expire = cache['expiration'] key = cache.get('key') if not key: key = db._uri + '/' + sql key = hashlib_md5(key).hexdigest() else: cache_model, time_expire = cache key = db._uri + '/' + sql key = hashlib_md5(key).hexdigest() return cache_model( key, lambda self=self, distinct=distinct: db._adapter.count( self.query, distinct), time_expire) return db._adapter.count(self.query, distinct)
[docs] def select(self, *fields, **attributes): adapter = self.db._adapter tablenames = adapter.tables(self.query, attributes.get('join', None), attributes.get('left', None), attributes.get('orderby', None), attributes.get('groupby', None)) fields = adapter.expand_all(fields, tablenames) return, fields, attributes)
[docs] def iterselect(self, *fields, **attributes): adapter = self.db._adapter tablenames = adapter.tables(self.query, attributes.get('join', None), attributes.get('left', None), attributes.get('orderby', None), attributes.get('groupby', None)) fields = adapter.expand_all(fields, tablenames) return adapter.iterselect(self.query, fields, attributes)
[docs] def nested_select(self, *fields, **attributes): adapter = self.db._adapter tablenames = adapter.tables(self.query, attributes.get('join', None), attributes.get('left', None), attributes.get('orderby', None), attributes.get('groupby', None)) fields = adapter.expand_all(fields, tablenames) return adapter.nested_select(self.query, fields, attributes)
[docs] def delete(self): db = self.db table = db._adapter.get_table(self.query) if any(f(self) for f in table._before_delete): return 0 ret = db._adapter.delete(table, self.query) ret and [f(self) for f in table._after_delete] return ret
[docs] def update(self, **update_fields): db = self.db table = db._adapter.get_table(self.query) row = table._fields_and_values_for_update(update_fields) if not row._values: raise ValueError("No fields to update") if any(f(self, row) for f in table._before_update): return 0 ret = db._adapter.update(table, self.query, row.op_values()) ret and [f(self, row) for f in table._after_update] return ret
[docs] def update_naive(self, **update_fields): """ Same as update but does not call table._before_update and _after_update """ table = self.db._adapter.get_table(self.query) row = table._fields_and_values_for_update(update_fields) if not row._values: raise ValueError("No fields to update") ret = self.db._adapter.update(table, self.query, row.op_values()) return ret
[docs] def validate_and_update(self, **update_fields): table = self.db._adapter.get_table(self.query) response = Row() response.errors = Row() new_fields = copy.copy(update_fields) for key, value in iteritems(update_fields): value, error = table[key].validate(value) if error: response.errors[key] = '%s' % error else: new_fields[key] = value if response.errors: response.updated = None else: row = table._fields_and_values_for_update(new_fields) if not row._values: raise ValueError("No fields to update") if any(f(self, row) for f in table._before_update): ret = 0 else: ret = self.db._adapter.update( table, self.query, row.op_values()) ret and [f(self, row) for f in table._after_update] response.updated = ret return response
[docs]class LazyReferenceGetter(object): def __init__(self, table, id): self.db, self.tablename, = table._db, table._tablename, id def __call__(self, other_tablename): if self.db._lazy_tables is False: raise AttributeError() table = self.db[self.tablename] other_table = self.db[other_tablename] for rfield in table._referenced_by: if rfield.table == other_table: return LazySet(rfield, raise AttributeError()
[docs]class LazySet(object): def __init__(self, field, id): self.db, self.tablename, self.fieldname, = \ field.db, field._tablename,, id def _getset(self): query = self.db[self.tablename][self.fieldname] == return Set(self.db, query) def __repr__(self): return repr(self._getset()) def __call__(self, query, ignore_common_filters=False): return self.where(query, ignore_common_filters)
[docs] def where(self, query, ignore_common_filters=False): return self._getset()(query, ignore_common_filters)
def _count(self, distinct=None): return self._getset()._count(distinct) def _select(self, *fields, **attributes): return self._getset()._select(*fields, **attributes) def _delete(self): return self._getset()._delete() def _update(self, **update_fields): return self._getset()._update(**update_fields)
[docs] def isempty(self): return self._getset().isempty()
[docs] def count(self, distinct=None, cache=None): return self._getset().count(distinct, cache)
[docs] def select(self, *fields, **attributes): return self._getset().select(*fields, **attributes)
[docs] def nested_select(self, *fields, **attributes): return self._getset().nested_select(*fields, **attributes)
[docs] def delete(self): return self._getset().delete()
[docs] def update(self, **update_fields): return self._getset().update(**update_fields)
[docs] def update_naive(self, **update_fields): return self._getset().update_naive(**update_fields)
[docs] def validate_and_update(self, **update_fields): return self._getset().validate_and_update(**update_fields)
[docs]class VirtualCommand(object): def __init__(self, method, row): self.method = method self.row = row def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs): return self.method(self.row, *args, **kwargs)
[docs]@implements_bool class BasicRows(object): """ Abstract class for Rows and IterRows """ def __bool__(self): return True if self.first() is not None else False def __str__(self): """ Serializes the table into a csv file """ s = StringIO() self.export_to_csv_file(s) return s.getvalue()
[docs] def as_trees(self, parent_name='parent_id', children_name='children', render=False): """ returns the data as list of trees. :param parent_name: the name of the field holding the reference to the parent (default parent_id). :param children_name: the name where the children of each row will be stored as a list (default children). :param render: whether we will render the fields using their represent (default False) can be a list of fields to render or True to render all. """ roots = [] drows = {} rows = list(self.render(fields=None if render is True else render)) \ if render else self for row in rows: drows[] = row row[children_name] = [] for row in rows: parent = row[parent_name] if parent is None: roots.append(row) else: drows[parent][children_name].append(row) return roots
[docs] def as_list(self, compact=True, storage_to_dict=True, datetime_to_str=False, custom_types=None): """ Returns the data as a list or dictionary. Args: storage_to_dict: when True returns a dict, otherwise a list datetime_to_str: convert datetime fields as strings """ (oc, self.compact) = (self.compact, compact) if storage_to_dict: items = [item.as_dict(datetime_to_str, custom_types) for item in self] else: items = [item for item in self] self.compact = oc return items
[docs] def as_dict(self, key='id', compact=True, storage_to_dict=True, datetime_to_str=False, custom_types=None): """ Returns the data as a dictionary of dictionaries (storage_to_dict=True) or records (False) Args: key: the name of the field to be used as dict key, normally the id compact: ? (default True) storage_to_dict: when True returns a dict, otherwise a list(default True) datetime_to_str: convert datetime fields as strings (default False) """ # test for multiple rows multi = False f = self.first() if f and isinstance(key, basestring): multi = any([isinstance(v, f.__class__) for v in f.values()]) if ("." not in key) and multi: # No key provided, default to int indices def new_key(): i = 0 while True: yield i i += 1 key_generator = new_key() key = lambda r: rows = self.as_list(compact, storage_to_dict, datetime_to_str, custom_types) if isinstance(key, str) and key.count('.') == 1: (table, field) = key.split('.') return dict([(r[table][field], r) for r in rows]) elif isinstance(key, str): return dict([(r[key], r) for r in rows]) else: return dict([(key(r), r) for r in rows])
[docs] def xml(self, strict=False, row_name='row', rows_name='rows'): """ Serializes the table using sqlhtml.SQLTABLE (if present) """ if not strict and not self.db.has_representer('rows_xml'): strict = True if strict: return '<%s>\n%s\n</%s>' % ( rows_name, '\n'.join( row.as_xml( row_name=row_name, colnames=self.colnames ) for row in self), rows_name ) rv = self.db.represent('rows_xml', self) if hasattr(rv, 'xml') and callable(getattr(rv, 'xml')): return rv.xml() return rv
[docs] def as_xml(self, row_name='row', rows_name='rows'): return self.xml(strict=True, row_name=row_name, rows_name=rows_name)
[docs] def as_json(self, mode='object', default=None): """ Serializes the rows to a JSON list or object with objects mode='object' is not implemented (should return a nested object structure) """ items = [record.as_json( mode=mode, default=default, serialize=False, colnames=self.colnames ) for record in self] return serializers.json(items)
[docs] def export_to_csv_file(self, ofile, null='<NULL>', *args, **kwargs): """ Exports data to csv, the first line contains the column names Args: ofile: where the csv must be exported to null: how null values must be represented (default '<NULL>') delimiter: delimiter to separate values (default ',') quotechar: character to use to quote string values (default '"') quoting: quote system, use csv.QUOTE_*** (default csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL) represent: use the fields .represent value (default False) colnames: list of column names to use (default self.colnames) This will only work when exporting rows objects!!!! DO NOT use this with db.export_to_csv() """ delimiter = kwargs.get('delimiter', ',') quotechar = kwargs.get('quotechar', '"') quoting = kwargs.get('quoting', csv.QUOTE_MINIMAL) represent = kwargs.get('represent', False) writer = csv.writer(ofile, delimiter=delimiter, quotechar=quotechar, quoting=quoting) def unquote_colnames(colnames): unq_colnames = [] for col in colnames: m = self.db._adapter.REGEX_TABLE_DOT_FIELD.match(col) if not m: unq_colnames.append(col) else: unq_colnames.append('.'.join(m.groups())) return unq_colnames colnames = kwargs.get('colnames', self.colnames) write_colnames = kwargs.get('write_colnames', True) # a proper csv starting with the column names if write_colnames: writer.writerow(unquote_colnames(colnames)) def none_exception(value): """ Returns a cleaned up value that can be used for csv export: - unicode text is encoded as such - None values are replaced with the given representation (default <NULL>) """ if value is None: return null elif PY2 and isinstance(value, unicode): return value.encode('utf8') elif isinstance(value, Reference): return long(value) elif hasattr(value, 'isoformat'): return value.isoformat()[:19].replace('T', ' ') elif isinstance(value, (list, tuple)): # for type='list:..' return bar_encode(value) return value repr_cache = {} fieldlist = [f if isinstance(f, Field) else None for f in self.fields] fieldmap = dict(zip(self.colnames, fieldlist)) for record in self: row = [] for col in colnames: field = fieldmap[col] if field is None: row.append(record._extra[col]) else: t, f = field._tablename, if isinstance(record.get(t, None), (Row, dict)): value = record[t][f] else: value = record[f] if field.type == 'blob' and value is not None: value = base64.b64encode(value) elif represent and field.represent: if field.type.startswith('reference'): if field not in repr_cache: repr_cache[field] = {} if value not in repr_cache[field]: repr_cache[field][value] = field.represent( value, record ) value = repr_cache[field][value] else: value = field.represent(value, record) row.append(none_exception(value)) writer.writerow(row)
# for consistent naming yet backwards compatible as_csv = __str__ json = as_json
[docs]class Rows(BasicRows): """ A wrapper for the return value of a select. It basically represents a table. It has an iterator and each row is represented as a `Row` dictionary. """ # ## TODO: this class still needs some work to care for ID/OID def __init__(self, db=None, records=[], colnames=[], compact=True, rawrows=None, fields=[]): self.db = db self.records = records self.fields = fields self.colnames = colnames self.compact = compact self.response = rawrows def __repr__(self): return '<Rows (%s)>' % len(self.records)
[docs] def setvirtualfields(self, **keyed_virtualfields): """ For reference:: db.define_table('x', Field('number', 'integer')) if db(db.x).isempty(): [db.x.insert(number=i) for i in range(10)] from gluon.dal import lazy_virtualfield class MyVirtualFields(object): # normal virtual field (backward compatible, discouraged) def normal_shift(self): return self.x.number+1 # lazy virtual field (because of @staticmethod) @lazy_virtualfield def lazy_shift(instance, row, delta=4): return row.x.number+delta db.x.virtualfields.append(MyVirtualFields()) for row in db(db.x).select(): print row.number, row.normal_shift, row.lazy_shift(delta=7) """ if not keyed_virtualfields: return self for row in self.records: for (tablename, virtualfields) in iteritems(keyed_virtualfields): attributes = dir(virtualfields) if tablename not in row: box = row[tablename] = Row() else: box = row[tablename] updated = False for attribute in attributes: if attribute[0] != '_': method = getattr(virtualfields, attribute) if hasattr(method, '__lazy__'): box[attribute] = VirtualCommand(method, row) elif type(method) == types.MethodType: if not updated: virtualfields.__dict__.update(row) updated = True box[attribute] = method() return self
def __add__(self, other): if self.colnames != other.colnames: raise Exception('Cannot & incompatible Rows objects') records = self.records + other.records return self.__class__( self.db, records, self.colnames, fields=self.fields, compact=self.compact or other.compact) def __and__(self, other): if self.colnames != other.colnames: raise Exception('Cannot & incompatible Rows objects') records = [] other_records = list(other.records) for record in self.records: if record in other_records: records.append(record) other_records.remove(record) return self.__class__( self.db, records, self.colnames, fields=self.fields, compact=self.compact or other.compact) def __or__(self, other): if self.colnames != other.colnames: raise Exception('Cannot | incompatible Rows objects') records = [record for record in other.records if record not in self.records] records = self.records + records return self.__class__( self.db, records, self.colnames, fields=self.fields, compact=self.compact or other.compact) def __len__(self): return len(self.records) def __getslice__(self, a, b): return self.__class__( self.db, self.records[a:b], self.colnames, compact=self.compact, fields=self.fields) def __getitem__(self, i): row = self.records[i] keys = list(row.keys()) if self.compact and len(keys) == 1 and keys[0] != '_extra': return row[keys[0]] return row def __iter__(self): """ Iterator over records """ for i in xrange(len(self)): yield self[i] def __eq__(self, other): if isinstance(other, Rows): return (self.records == other.records) else: return False
[docs] def column(self, column=None): return [r[str(column) if column else self.colnames[0]] for r in self]
[docs] def first(self): if not self.records: return None return self[0]
[docs] def last(self): if not self.records: return None return self[-1]
[docs] def append(self, row): self.records.append(row)
[docs] def insert(self, position, row): self.records.insert(position, row)
[docs] def find(self, f, limitby=None): """ Returns a new Rows object, a subset of the original object, filtered by the function `f` """ if not self: return self.__class__( self.db, [], self.colnames, compact=self.compact, fields=self.fields) records = [] if limitby: a, b = limitby else: a, b = 0, len(self) k = 0 for i, row in enumerate(self): if f(row): if a <= k: records.append(self.records[i]) k += 1 if k == b: break return self.__class__( self.db, records, self.colnames, compact=self.compact, fields=self.fields)
[docs] def exclude(self, f): """ Removes elements from the calling Rows object, filtered by the function `f`, and returns a new Rows object containing the removed elements """ if not self.records: return self.__class__( self.db, [], self.colnames, compact=self.compact, fields=self.fields) removed = [] i = 0 while i < len(self): row = self[i] if f(row): removed.append(self.records[i]) del self.records[i] else: i += 1 return self.__class__( self.db, removed, self.colnames, compact=self.compact, fields=self.fields)
[docs] def sort(self, f, reverse=False): """ Returns a list of sorted elements (not sorted in place) """ rows = self.__class__( self.db, [], self.colnames, compact=self.compact, fields=self.fields) # When compact=True, iterating over self modifies each record, # so when sorting self, it is necessary to return a sorted # version of self.records rather than the sorted self directly. rows.records = [r for (r, s) in sorted(zip(self.records, self), key=lambda r: f(r[1]), reverse=reverse)] return rows
[docs] def join(self, field, name=None, constraint=None, fields=[], orderby=None): if len(self) == 0: return self mode = 'referencing' if field.type == 'id' else 'referenced' func = lambda ids: field.belongs(ids) db, ids, maps = self.db, [], {} if not fields: fields = [f for f in field._table if f.readable] if mode == 'referencing': # try all refernced field names names = [name] if name else list(set( for f in field._table._referenced_by if in self[0])) # get all the ids ids = [row.get(name) for row in self for name in names] # filter out the invalid ids ids = filter(lambda id: str(id).isdigit(), ids) # build the query query = func(ids) if constraint: query = query & constraint tmp = not in [ for f in fields] if tmp: fields.append(field) other = db(query).select(*fields, orderby=orderby, cacheable=True) for row in other: id = row[] maps[id] = row for row in self: for name in names: row[name] = maps.get(row[name]) if mode == 'referenced': if not name: name = field._tablename # build the query query = func([ for row in self]) if constraint: query = query & constraint name = name or field._tablename tmp = not in [ for f in fields] if tmp: fields.append(field) other = db(query).select(*fields, orderby=orderby, cacheable=True) for row in other: id = row[field] if not id in maps: maps[id] = [] if tmp: try: del row[] except: del row[field.tablename][] if not row[field.tablename] and len(row.keys())==2: del row[field.tablename] row = row[row.keys()[0]] maps[id].append(row) for row in self: row[name] = maps.get(, []) return self
[docs] def group_by_value(self, *fields, **args): """ Regroups the rows, by one of the fields """ one_result = False if 'one_result' in args: one_result = args['one_result'] def build_fields_struct(row, fields, num, groups): """ helper function: """ if num > len(fields) - 1: if one_result: return row else: return [row] key = fields[num] value = row[key] if value not in groups: groups[value] = build_fields_struct(row, fields, num + 1, {}) else: struct = build_fields_struct( row, fields, num + 1, groups[value]) # still have more grouping to do if isinstance(struct, dict): groups[value].update() # no more grouping, first only is off elif isinstance(struct, list): groups[value] += struct # no more grouping, first only on else: groups[value] = struct return groups if len(fields) == 0: return self # if select returned no results if not self.records: return {} grouped_row_group = dict() # build the struct for row in self: build_fields_struct(row, fields, 0, grouped_row_group) return grouped_row_group
[docs] def render(self, i=None, fields=None): """ Takes an index and returns a copy of the indexed row with values transformed via the "represent" attributes of the associated fields. Args: i: index. If not specified, a generator is returned for iteration over all the rows. fields: a list of fields to transform (if None, all fields with "represent" attributes will be transformed) """ if i is None: return (self.render(i, fields=fields) for i in range(len(self))) if not self.db.has_representer('rows_render'): raise RuntimeError("Rows.render() needs a `rows_render` \ representer in DAL instance") row = copy.deepcopy(self.records[i]) keys = list(row.keys()) if not fields: fields = [f for f in self.fields if isinstance(f, Field) and f.represent] for field in fields: row[field._tablename][] = self.db.represent( 'rows_render', field, row[field._tablename][], row[field._tablename]) if self.compact and len(keys) == 1 and keys[0] != '_extra': return row[keys[0]] return row
def __getstate__(self): ret = self.__dict__.copy() ret.pop('fields', None) return ret def _restore_fields(self, fields): if not hasattr(self, 'fields'): self.fields = fields return self
[docs]@implements_iterator class IterRows(BasicRows): def __init__(self, db, sql, fields, colnames, blob_decode, cacheable): self.db = db self.fields = fields self.colnames = colnames self.blob_decode = blob_decode self.cacheable = cacheable (self.fields_virtual, self.fields_lazy, self.tmps) = \ self.db._adapter._parse_expand_colnames(fields) self.cursor = self.db._adapter.cursor self.db._adapter.execute(sql) self.db._adapter.lock_cursor(self.cursor) self._head = None self.last_item = None self.last_item_id = None self.compact = True self.sql = sql def __next__(self): db_row = self.cursor.fetchone() if db_row is None: raise StopIteration row = self.db._adapter._parse(db_row, self.tmps, self.fields, self.colnames, self.blob_decode, self.cacheable, self.fields_virtual, self.fields_lazy) if self.compact: # The following is to translate # <Row {'t0': {'id': 1L, 'name': 'web2py'}}> # in # <Row {'id': 1L, 'name': 'web2py'}> # normally accomplished by Rows.__get_item__ keys = list(row.keys()) if len(keys) == 1 and keys[0] != '_extra': row = row[keys[0]] return row def __iter__(self): if self._head: yield self._head try: row = next(self) while row is not None: yield row row = next(self) except StopIteration: # Iterator is over, adjust the cursor logic self.db._adapter.close_cursor(self.cursor) raise StopIteration return
[docs] def first(self): if self._head is None: try: self._head = next(self) except StopIteration: # TODO should I raise something? return None return self._head
def __getitem__(self, key): if not isinstance(key, (int, long)): raise TypeError if key == self.last_item_id: return self.last_item n_to_drop = key if self.last_item_id is not None: if self.last_item_id < key: n_to_drop -= (self.last_item_id + 1) else: raise IndexError # fetch and drop the first key - 1 elements for i in xrange(n_to_drop): self.cursor._fetchone() row = next(self) if row is None: raise IndexError else: self.last_item_id = key self.last_item = row return row
# # rowcount it doesn't seem to be reliable on all drivers # def __len__(self): # return self.db._adapter.cursor.rowcount